Environmental aspects

Various environmental aspects can impact on people’s health:

  • noise
  • odour
  • air
  • external safety
  • lack of space, design and barrier effect
  • radiation and electromagnetic fields
  • soil pollution
  • water quality
  • water safety
  • climate (heat stress)
  • social aspects


Health can be beneficially influenced by paying attention to the following during spatial planning:

  • promotion of physical exercise, walking and cycling
  • nature and green spaces
  • areas for recreation and sport
  • peace and quiet