Alternatives and measures

Depending on the type of decree, spatial plan, land-use plan or environmental permit, there are various possibilities of limiting the health impacts and preventing nuisance.


In a spatial plan or land-use plan the location and distance from dwellings can be decisive

  • Alternatives (hereby thinking of location and extent of the wind farm);
  • Spatial variants (such as the configuration of the wind farm and the locations of turbines within the plan area).


When granting the permit, variants in array, turbine type and turbine parking arrangements carry more weight. The following are possible:

  • Variants in turbines (capacity, dimensions and type);
  • Measures, such as turbine parking arrangements and adjusting rotation speed, application of coatings and blocking of light.