How is this visualised?

How health impacts are investigated and which method is used depends on the type of plan and the planning phase. Of importance is the level of detail of the available environmental information. Strive to match the level of detail of the research to the level of decision-making. Various methods can be applied to achieve this. They range from quantitative to qualitative and focus more on exposure or on health.

The following methods from general qualitative to detailed quantitative can be distinguished. Methods can also be combined.

  • Distance
  • Exposure
  • DALYs
  • Health impact screening (HIS)
  • Qualitative research
  • Quantitative research


For two environmental aspects of the list below – air and noise - it is explained which methods are available and for which decisions they can be applied.


  • air
  • noise
  • traffic safety
  • external safety
  • vibrations
  • footprint
  • barrier effect
  • promotion of physical exercise