For mobility and infrastructure, different types of plans and projects are distinguished. Whether health can be considered depends on the level of detail and the phase of the decision-making. It is important to find out which method is most appropriate and which environmental aspects should be considered.
Spatial plans and policy-making, mobility plans
The preliminary outlines of spatial policy are pencilled in during the phase of policy forming and spatial plans. This can be done at the national, provincial or local authority level. The spatial issues at hand concern planning and principles of guiding.
Surveys and environmental plans such as the MIRT surveys (surveys in the context of the Long-Term Programme for Infrastructure, Spatial Planning and Transport) have as their aim the establishment of a framework decree within which various concrete developments can be implemented. They entail investigating different alternatives or solutions for solving spatial problems or for fleshing out assignments concerning particular areas.
Land-use plans, decisions on road routing and integration plans
In a land-use plan, integration plan or decision on road routing, an intention is fleshed out. The scope for research is restricted and often the space for alternatives is limited. The research on health impacts will focus on the proposal’s impacts and on the measures and variants to limit or mitigate them.